Book an Appointment
Call +27 (0)11 718 3004
Fulvic acid is one of the humic substances constituting soil organic matter.
Non-humic substances in soil are all those materials that can be placed in one of the categories of discrete compounds such as sugars, amino acids, fats and so on. Humic substances are the other, unidentifiable components, which are formed by the microbial degradation of dead plant matter (humification process) and are very resistant to further biodegradation.
Humic substances in soils and sediments can be divided into three main fractions: humin, humic acids and fulvic acids. Humin is a less important insoluble residue of humic substances. Humic and fulvic acids are not really single acid types – rather, they are complex mixtures of many different acids, containing carboxyl and phenolate groups, with C, H, O, N and S as major elements in their composition.
Humic acids are generally associated with improving soil structure – they help break up clay and compacted soils, enhance water retention, increase seed germination rates, and stimulate the development of microflora populations in soils.
Fulvic acids are generally credited with stimulating growth and wellbeing of plants – they assist in transferring micronutrients from soil to plants and help their absorption on a cellular level. As a strong natural chelator, fulvic acid “sponges” from soil: amino acids, amino sugars, peptic acids, nucleic acids, phytochemicals, vitamins, trace elements and minerals, and effectively delivers their mineral, nutritional and healing value inside living cells of plants. It is this very ability that makes fulvic acid so beneficial for the health and wellbeing of humans too.
Humic substances are supremely important because they constitute the most ubiquitous source of non-living organic material that Nature knows. Approximately 80% of the total carbon in terrestrial media and 60% of the carbon dissolved in aquatic media are made up of humic substances. All humic substances, particularly fulvic acid, being used as natural remedies for a very long time, are known for their biological activity and beneficial properties.
Many experts now believe that all dark coloured humic substances are part of a system of closely related, but not completely identical, high molecular weight polymers. According to this concept, differences between humic acids and fulvic acids, can be explained by variations in molecular weight, the number of functional groups (carboxyl, phenolic OH) and the extent of polymerisation. Thus, fulvic acid is a lighter and more soluble version of humic acid (which makes it far more effective in penetrating the membranes of living cells), with lower carbon content but higher oxygen content (which makes it much more significant in terms of remedial and energy-generating properties).
From a geological point of view, humic substances are chemical intermediates between plants and fossils. Humification is a continuous historical process, and soil humus is a dynamic system of both chemically active and passive components. Plants critically depend on humic and fulvic acids and even contemporary plants, growing on today’s depleted and chemically over-treated soils, contain small amounts of fulvic and humic acids. But the extinct vegetation represents the main source of organic matter transforming to humic substances in the environment. Fulvic acid is thus well preserved and concentrated in some special types of coal, particularly in brown coal (lignite) and low bituminous coal – as illustrated in picture attached to this post. And FulvicForce’s own fulvic acid product is extracted from such pristine coal deposits in South Africa.
FulvicForce fulvic acid is literally an extract from plants, which lived in Jurassic era, carrying their substantial mineral, nutritional and healing value. It is the only South African fulvic acid product extracted from coal under a patented process.
Swamps with giant plants, hundreds of years ago covered earth. Rotting plant material accumulated in warm muddy swamps and eventually was covered by dirt and water, which, over time, created increasing pressure and heat, leading to peat, lignite, coal and anthracite. Each containing some fulvic acid.
Fulvic acid: 13-30%
Humic acid: 5-10%
Fulvic acid: 30-85%
Humic acid: 5-40%
Fulvic acid: 10-30%
Humic acid: 5-10%
Fulvic acid: 0-1%
Humic acid: 0%